What Causes Concussions
What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Even a “ding,” “getting your bell rung,” or what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious.
Concussions can occur in any sport or recreation activity. So, all coaches, parents, and athletes need to learn concussion signs and symptoms and what to do if a concussion occurs.
What Are The Leading Causes of Traumatic TBI?
The leading causes of TBI are:
- Falls (28%);
- Motor vehicle – traffic (20%);
- Struck by/against events (19%); and
- Assaults (11%)
Who is at Risk?
- Approximately 18% of all TBI-related emergency department visits involved children aged 0 to 4 years.
- Approximately 22% of all TBI-related hospitalizations involved adults aged 75 years and older.
- Males are more often diagnosed with a TBI (59%).
Blasts are a leading cause of TBI for active duty military personnel in war zones.2 CDC estimates of TBI do not include injuries seen at U.S. Department of Defense or U.S. Veterans Health Administration Hospitals. For more information about TBI in the military including an interactive website for service members, veterans, and families and caregivers, please visit: www.TraumaticBrainInjuryAtoZ.org.